Tuesday, December 18, 2012

Kalambo Waterfalls

Kalambo Falls Tanzania
The Kalambo Falls on the Kalambo River is a 772ft (235m) single drop waterfall in Tanzania, very near the border with Zambia at the southeast end of Lake Tanganyika. The falls are some of the tallest uninterrupted falls in Africa (after South Africa's Tugela Falls, Ethiopia's Jin Bahir Falls and some more waterfalls). Downstream of the falls the Kalambo Gorge which has a width of about 1 km and a depth of up to 300 m runs for about 5 km before opening out into the Lake Tanganyika rift valley.
Falls were first seen by white people approximately in 1913. Initially it was assumed that the height of falls exceeds 300 m, but measurements in 1920s gave a more modest result above 200 m. Later measurements in 1956 gave a result 221 m. After this there have been made several more measurements, each with slightly different results. Widths of falls is 3.6 - 18 m.
Archaeologically, Kalambo Falls is one of the most important sites in Africa. It has produced a sequence of past human activity stretching over more than two hundred and fifty thousand years. It was first excavated in 1953 by John Desmond Clark who recognised archaeological activity around a small basin lake upstreams from the falls.
Source: Wikipeda

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